Search Tips & Tutorials: Citing Sources
PubMed Citation Matcher (Use Chrome)Excellent tool to locate a complete citation when you know just a few fragments. Also great for helping identify the PMID numbers.
- Citation Matcher (TDNet)
Citation Guides & Tools
Anatomy of a Citation (pdf handout to parse out the parts of a citation)
APA Citation Style Guide (7th ed.)
APA Style - from the Purdue Online Writing Lab - Includes an APA Citation Maker
- Purdue OWL
APA, AMA, MLA, and Chicago Manual of Style (Free)
- Expanded Citation Formats: A Visual Guide for Standards / Policies. (pdf)
Easily generate properly formatted citations in MLA, APA & Chicago formats for your bibliography or references list.
Citation Matcher (TDNet)
Anatomy of a Citation
In the following PubMed citation, it’s sometimes difficult to tell what’s what.Pensato U, Matteo E, Cevoli S.
Here’s a quick guide to the anatomy of a PubMed/Medline citation :
Authors = Pensato U, Matteo E, Cevoli S.
Article Title = The unforgivable curse of Harry Potter's thunderclap headaches.
Journal Title Abbreviation = Headache (short for Headache)
Year/date of publication = 2021 September
Volume(Issue) : Pages = 61(8):1287-1290.
Volume = 61
Issue = 8
Page Numbers = 1287-1290
PubMed Identifier = PMID: 34510446
Digital Object Identifier = DOI = 10.1111/head.14205
The PubMed ID is the magic key when trying to find full-text.
The PubMed Identifier, or PMID, is like a social security number for each and every article listed in Medline, or PubMed. No other citation has the same PMID. This makes the PMID Number a very useful tool in finding the article again. It’s also a very useful tool for finding the full-text or ordering it from another library.
The Digital Object Identifier is persistent and strives to always arrive at some version of the document wherever it moves around the web.
Library staff should be able to sort out the specifics. Although we can often verify incomplete citations, it is helpful to give us as much citation info as possible when requesting articles.
Anatomy of a CitationCheat sheet to parse out the pieces of a citation.
Articles about Citing Sources
About the 5-Year Rule ...